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DASS-21

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  • Please read each statement and select a number 0, 1, 2 or 3 which indicates how much the statement applied to you over the past week. There are no right or wrong answers. Do not spend too much time on any statement.

    The rating scale is as follows:

    0 - Did not apply to me at all
    1 - Applied to me to some degree, or some of the time
    2 - Applied to me to a considerable degree or a good part of time
    3 - Applied to me very much or most of the time

    * Required

  • Date Format: MM slash DD slash YYYY
  • 0 - Did not apply to me at all1 - Applied to me to some degree, or some of the time2 - Applied to me to a considerable degree or a good part of time3 - Applied to me very much or most of the time
    1(s) I found it hard to wind down
    2(a) I was aware of dryness of my mouth
    3(d) I couldn’t seem to experience any positive feeling at all
    4(a) I experienced breathing difficulty (e.g. excessively rapid breathing, breathlessness in the absence of physical exertion)
    5(d) I found it difficult to work up the initiative to do things
    6(s) I tended to over-react to situations
    7(a) I experienced trembling (e.g. in the hands)
    8(s) I felt that I was using a lot of nervous energy
    9(a) I was worried about situations in which I might panic and make a fool of myself
    10(d) I felt that I had nothing to look forward to
    11(s) I found myself getting agitated
    12(s) I found it difficult to relax
    13(d) I felt down-hearted and blue
    14(s) I was intolerant of anything that kept me from getting on with what I was doing
    15(a) I felt I was close to panic
    16(d) I was unable to become enthusiastic about anything
    17(d) I felt I wasn’t worth much as a person
    18(s) I felt that I was rather touchy
    19 (a) I was aware of the action of my heart in the absence of physical exertion (e.g. sense of heart rate increase, heart missing a beat)
    20(a) I felt scared without any good reason
    21(d) I felt that life was meaningless
  • Lovibond, S.H. & Lovibond, P.F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety & Stress Scales. (2nd Ed.) Sydney: Psychology Foundation.